The Salt Flats of Trapani

Don Genova discovers a crystalline link to his ancestors on the Sicilian shore.

Published April 29, 2015

Shore Lines is a place for readers to recount an experience of personal significance that helped them connect with one small stretch of the world’s vast and varied coast.

The first time I visited the salt flats of Trapani, Sicily, I marveled at how they stretched into the Mediterranean, their narrow dikes holding back the sea. I was exploring this part of Sicily where my father’s parents were born, and the flats were a regional attraction. Amazingly, they still produced salt, probably in much the same way as they had in my grandparents’ time.

In the spring, water is pumped into the flats. The summer sun and winds evaporate the water until crystals form. Starting in July, burly men tanned as dark as leather break up the crystals, shoveling them into white mountains that glint in the bright, hot sun under an impossibly blue sky.

Windmills, which once pumped seawater and ground the salt crystals, still stand. They were likely of Turkish design, built when Sicily was under Spanish rule, around 1500 CE. The Phoenicians may have built the flats long before, to cure their fish. No one knows for sure; history is never simple for an island that’s been conquered over the centuries by Greeks, Arabs, Normans, and others. Yet I try to unravel it as best I can.


Old windmills are still standing in the salt flats, on the shore of the vibrantly blue Mediterranean. Photo by Don Genova

When my grandparents (whom I never knew) left Sicily for Canada in the early 1900s, they severed all ties. My oldest aunt remembers my grandmother saying Sicily was horrible. There were crop failures, excessive taxation … why would they ever return?

But I’ve learned our Sicilian family tree goes back to the 17th century, when the Genovas moved to the hillside town of Vita, in 1604. Maybe they never actually made the 30-kilometer, all-day trek by donkey cart to the flats, but there’s no doubt Trapani salt flavored their meals and preserved their foods.

Standing on the deck of a restored windmill, I finally felt a visceral connection with my family’s roots. I carried the connection home in large chunks of salt crystals, as valuable to me as any jewels. They sit on my kitchen counter, waiting to be crushed and sprinkled onto my salad greens, a constant reminder of my heritage.