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Shipping is the lifeblood of globalization and never before have so many container ships, oil tankers, and even recreational cruise ships, chugged across the world’s oceans. Yet their bunker-fuel-propelled engines spew carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, and perhaps worse, toxic sulfur and nitrogen compounds, too. Hakai Magazine breaks down the environmental impact of ship emissions, for the planet and human health.
Increase in ship traffic density
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Emissions intensity graph
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Distance of emissions from shore
Corbett, James J., Paul S. Fischbeck, and Spyros N. Pandis. “Global Nitrogen and Sulfur Inventories for Oceangoing Ships.” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 104, no. D3 (2012): 3457-470. Accessed April 5, 2015. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1029/1998JD100040/abstract.
Mortality from ships
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“Designation of North American Emission Control Area to Reduce Emissions from Ships.” EPA. March 1, 2010. Accessed April 5, 2015. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/nonroad/marine/ci/420f10015.pdf.
Lachmann Christensen, Maike. “Triple-E Set New Standards.” Triple-E. Accessed April 15, 2015. http://www.maersktechnology.com/en/all-stories/triple-e.
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